The skin is the largest organ of our bodies and on average the adult human body consists of up to 60% water1. The percentage varies depending on the organ, fat percentage, age and sex, however, water is extremely important for maintaining healthy bodily function.
Hydration of the skin is likewise very important to maintaining a healthy skin barrier function. Hydration of the skin is also key to maintaining the elasticity, smoothness and luminosity of the skin.
What causes my skin to become dry?
A variety of factors can cause the skin to become dry and factors including sex and age will determine how susceptible your skin is when exposed.
External factors that can dry out our skin include; lack of ambient humidity (dry air, heating, air conditioning, etc…), excessive and unprotected sun exposure, excessive washing and/or exposure to chemicals stripping the skin of moisture and essential oils.
Genetic or internal factors that cause dry skin, excluding extreme dehydration, are often linked to dermatological conditions (e.g. eczema2 or psoriasis3), endocrine (e.g. diabetes4) or vascular diseases (e.g. critical limb ischaemia5). In these circumstances, please ensure you speak with your physician to determine the best course of treatments and which products would be most suited for you.
How do I know if I have dry skin?
Dry skin can be easily recognised and can present itself in a variety of ways. More than just feeling dry to the touch, dry skin can also become sensitive, feel tight and irritated. The most obvious signs are peeling and itchiness of the skin, which can lead to redness and abrasions, further causing damage to the skin.
How to treat dry skin?
This will vary from person to person however, it is important to ensure you are drinking enough water throughout the day. It is generally recommended for an adult to drink between one and a half to two litres a day.*
To help bring balance to your skin, invest in a good moisturiser. Depending on your skin type and sensitivities you may consider water-based products (gels) above oil-based products (creams). At night use a product with extra hydration and repairing potential, because during sleep is when the body can begin self-repair.
A good skincare routine will help gradually bring your skin back into balance, including gentle face washes and tonics. There is no need to avoid exfoliants, however, be aware, as certain ingredients can be quite abrasive, and therefore can cause more damage to dry and sensitive skin types.
*Will vary depending on factors including amount of exercise, temperature/water loss, sweating, sex/gender, etc…
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